§ 17-17-0200

General Terms

17-17-0201 Abandoned Sign Structure. A sign structure that has had no sign in place for a continuous period of 6 months or more.

17-17-0201.1 Abutting Property Line. A border, boundary or property line with no intervening public way or other land.

17-17-0202 Accessible Dwelling Unit. A dwelling unit that:

17-17-0202-A is approved by the Mayor’s Office for People with Disabilities, Architectural Services Unit;

17-17-0202-B complies with Type A dwelling unit requirements of Section 1003 of ICC/ANSI A1117.1-2003, except as modified by Chapter 18-11 of the Chicago Building Code Type A unit design criteria;

17-17-0202-C provides at least one accessible bedroom on the entrance level, and at least one toilet room in compliance with Type A dwelling unit requirements of Section 1003 of ICC/ANSI A1117.1-2003; and

17-17-0202-D includes a bathtub or shower, a water closet and a lavatory on the entrance level.

17-17-0203 Accessory Building. A building that is subordinate in area, extent and purpose to the principal use and building on the zoning lot and that is customarily used or occupied in conjunction with a permitted accessory use . (See Sec. 17-17-0311 for rules governing measurement of accessory building height).

17-17-0204 Accessory Parking. Parking provided to comply with minimum off-street parking requirements and non-required parking that is provided exclusively to serve occupants of or visitors to a particular use, rather than the public at-large. See “ non- accessory parking ”, Sec. 17-17-02101.

17-17-0205 Accessory Structure. A structure that is subordinate in area, extent and purpose to the principal use and building on the zoning lot and that is customarily used in conjunction with a permitted accessory use .

17-17-0206 Accessory Use. A use that is subordinate in area, extent and purpose to the principal use on the zoning lot and that is customarily found in conjunction with a permitted principal use .

17-17-0207 Administrative Adjustment. Modification of an otherwise applicable standard, approved in accordance with Sec. 17-13-1000.

17-17-0208 Agent. A person duly authorized to act on behalf of a property owner .

17-17-0209 Air Rights. The ownership or control of all land property, and that area of space at and above a horizontal plane over the ground surface of land utilized for railroad or expressway purposes. The horizontal plane must be at a height above the city datum that is reasonably necessary or legally required for the full and free use of the ground surface.

17-17-0210 Alley. A public right-of-way that affords a secondary means of access to abutting property.

17-17-0211 Allowed Use. A permitted use or special use in the subject zoning district.

17-17-0212 Artist Live/Work Space. A dwelling unit in which up to 50% of the floor area is used for the production, showing, and sale of art.

17-17-0213 Attic. Unfinished floor space located immediately below a gabled roof or other form of sloped roof.

17-17-0214 Automated Teller Machine. An electronically powered machine activated by means of a coded celluloid card or other similar device that permits banking transactions.

17-17-0214.3 Automated Teller Machine Facility. A facility or store whose principal use is for the location and operation of one or more remote service units. A “remote service unit” means an automated teller machine, automated loan machine, and an automated device for receiving deposits, or an other such similar device.

17-17-0214.5 Automotive Lift. Equipment designed to deposit motor vehicles in a parking space by moving motor vehicles vertically above floor level on pallets or platforms equipped with tracks, channels or similar devices to hold the vehicle’s wheels, not the vehicle frame or designated support points in place while the vehicle is being moved vertically.

17-17-0215 Awning. A roof-like structure of fabric or similar non-rigid material attached to a rigid frame that is supported completely or partially by either an exterior building wall or wall exterior to an individual tenant space.

17-17-0216 Awning Sign. A sign incorporated into or attached to an awning .

17-17-0217 Banner. A sign made of fabric or other similar non-rigid material with no enclosing framework or electrical components that is supported or anchored on two or more edges or at all four corners. Banners also include non-rigid signs anchored along one edge, or two corners, with weights installed that reduce the reaction of the sign to wind. See also “ flag ”.

17-17-0218 Base District. Any zoning district that is not an overlay district .

17-17-0219 Base Floor Area Ratio. The maximum floor area ratio allowed under the subject zoning classification before any applicable bonus or premium floor area allowance is applied.

17-17-0220 Block. A tract of land bounded by streets , or by a combination of streets and public parks, cemeteries, railroad right-of-way , bulkhead lines or shore lines of waterways, or corporate boundary lines of the City of Chicago.

17-17-0221 Block Face. All lots abutting one side of a street between the two nearest intersecting streets .

17-17-0222 Buffer Zone. Any natural or undeveloped area or existing open space that separates transfer stations , resource recovery facilities , incinerators , sanitary landfills and Class III recycling facilities from surrounding uses.

17-17-0223 Building. Any structure that is permanently affixed to the land and built for the support, shelter, or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels, or movable property of any kind.

17-17-0224 Building, Completely Enclosed. See “ completely enclosed building ”.

17-17-0225 Building Coverage. The amount of a lot covered by buildings.

17-17-0226 Building, Detached. See “ detached building ”.

17-17-0227 Building Height. The vertical distance from grade to a fixed point on the building. (See Sec. 17-17-0311 for rules governing measurement of building height )

17-17-0228 Building Line. An imaginary line representing the actual location of an exterior building wall.

17-17-0229 Building, Principal. See “ principal building ”.

17-17-0230 Building, Residential. See “ residential building ”.

17-17-0230.5  Business live/work unit .  A space within a building (a) that combines a commercial use with a living space for the owner of the commercial establishment and that person’s household, (b) where the resident owner of the commercial establishment is responsible for the commercial use on the premises; and (c) where the commercial use takes place subject to a valid business license, if applicable, associated with the premises and based on the commercial activity conducted therein.

17-17-0231 Bulk. The general term used to refer to the size of a building or the building features allowed on a lot . It includes the following:

17-17-0231-A lot area ;

17-17-0231-B setbacks;

17-17-0231-C open space;

17-17-0231-D floor area;

17-17-0231-E floor area ratio ;

17-17-0231-F building coverage ; and

17-17-0231-G building height .

17-17-0232 Business Park. A planned, unified, campus-like development consisting primarily of office , research and limited manufacturing uses.

17-17-0233 Canopy. A roof like structure of a permanent nature that projects from the wall of a building and overhangs the public way .

17-17-0234 Reserved.

Editor’s note – Coun. J. 4-30-14, p. 80832, § 6,  repealed § 17-17-0234, which defined changing-image signs.

17-17-0234.5  City Digital Sign shall mean a sign that satisfies all of the following conditions:

a.

the city digital sign is installed at the city’s express direction and is located on land or public way owned by the city, or controlled by the city pursuant to an intergovernmental agreement approved by the city council, that is located within 660 feet of any designated expressway or toll road;

b.

the sign is capable of receiving and transmitting both programmed and real-time digital images and messages and is operated as a dynamic image display sign;

c.

the sign is integrated into the city’s emergency response network, and to other city digital signs in an integrated network, so as to enable the city to interrupt and override, on either a city-wide or localized basis, any regularly programmed messaging in order to communicate city emergency information (or emergency information from a federal, state, Cook County, local or other unit of government);

d.

the sign is integrated with other city digital signs in an integrated network so as to enable the city to communicate, on either a city-wide or a localized basis, both programmed and real-time city public service messages, information or content (or public service messages, information or content from a federal, state, Cook County, local or other unit of government);

e.

the city has a legal right to both (i) not less than ten percent (10%) of the regularly scheduled programmable time for such sign (for example, one rotation during each eight rotation loop) for the city’s (or another governmental unit’s) public service messages, information or content, (ii) other available programmable time (or a portion thereof) when the operator of the integrated network of city digital signs otherwise has no advertising commitments, and (iii) the emergency information override and broadcast rights described in subparagraph (c) above; and

f.

the operator of the integrated network of city digital signs has entered into a written agreement with the city setting forth the operational requirements for such city digital signs and network, including, without limitation, requirements regulating sign design, light intensity, mitigating light pollution, energy conservation, and similar environmental and public health and safety concerns, which agreement has been approved by the city council.

17-17-0235 Commercial Establishment. A business classified in the commercial use group , the ownership, management and physical location of which are separate and distinct from those of any other place of business located on the same zoning lot , as partly evidenced by maintaining separate and distinct doors and access points.

17-17-0236 Commercial Message. Any sign , wording, logo or other representation that, directly or indirectly, names, advertises or calls attention to a business, product, service or other commercial activity.

17-17-0237 Common Open Space. An outdoor area designated and intended for the common use and enjoyment of residents or other members of the controlling association.

17-17-0238 Common Parking Area. An off-street parking area containing parking spaces that serve two or more dwelling units or uses.

17-17-0239 Completely Enclosed Building. A building separated on all sides from the adjacent open space, or from other buildings or other structures, by a permanent roof and by exterior walls or party walls, pierced only by windows and normal entrance or exit doors.

17-17-0240 Composting. A controlled process that transforms organic waste and/or livestock waste into products useful as soil amendments.  Composting shall include windrow composting , in-vessel aerobic composting and anaerobic digestion composting technologies.

17-17-0240.3  Construction and demolition debris.   Materials resulting from the construction, remodeling, repair and demolition of utilities, structures, buildings, and roads, including but not limited to the following: bricks, concrete, and other masonry materials; soil; rock; wood, including painted, treated, and coated wood and wood products; wall coverings; plaster; drywall; plumbing fixtures; non-asbestos insulation; roofing shingles and other roof coverings; reclaimed asphalt pavement; glass; plastics; electrical wiring; and piping or metals incidental to any of those materials.

17-17-0240.5 Conversion, illegal or unlawful. Any change to a building that results in the creation of one or more dwelling units that are illegal under the Zoning Ordinance either because they exceed the number of dwelling units permitted in the zoning district where the building is located, do not comply with the bulk and density standards of the zoning district where the building is located, or were created without a required special use.

17-17-0241 Corner Lot. A lot situated at the intersection of two streets , the interior angle of such intersection not exceeding 135 degrees.

17-17-0242 Curb Level. The level of the established curb that is adjacent to the front property line of the subject lot , measured at the center of such front property line . When no curb elevation has been established, the mean elevation of the finished lot grade immediately adjacent to a building is considered the “ curb level ”.

17-17-0243 Dangerous Sign. A sign constituting a hazard to public safety because it no longer meets the lateral and/or vertical loads as specified in the Building Code, or no longer meets the wiring and installation standards of the Electrical Code.

17-17-0244 Density . The general term used to refer to the number of dwelling units allowed per unit of land area. It is expressed in this Zoning Ordinance in terms of a minimum amount of lot area required per dwelling unit (minimum lot area per dwelling unit ).

17-17-0244.5  Designated Expressway or Toll Road.  A designated expressway or toll road means any of the following and shall include any access ramp thereto:

A.

Bishop Ford Expressway;

B.

Chicago Skyway;

C.

Dan Ryan Expressway;

D.

Edens Expressway;

E.

Eisenhower Expressway;

F.

Interstate 57;

G.

Interstate 90;

H.

Interstate 190;

I.

Kennedy Expressway;

J.

Stevenson Expressway; or

K.

Tri-State Tollway.

17-17-0245 Detached Building. A building surrounded by open space on the same lot .

17-17-0246 Detached House. A dwelling unit that is located on its own lot and that is not attached to any other dwelling unit .

17-17-0247 Development Application. Any application or petition for approval in accordance with the procedures of Chapter 17-13.

17-17-0247.5 Drive-through Facility. Any service window, automated device or other facility that provides goods or services to individuals in a motor vehicle.

17-17-0248 Dwelling Unit. One or more rooms arranged, designed or used as independent living quarters for a single household . Buildings with more than one kitchen or more than one set of cooking facilities are deemed to contain multiple dwelling units unless the additional cooking facilities are clearly accessory and not intended to serve additional households .

17-17-0248.5  Dynamic image display sign.  Any sign, or portion thereof, with characteristics that appear to have movement or that appear to change, caused by any method other than physically removing and replacing the sign or its components, whether the apparent movement or change is in the display, the sign structure itself, or any other component of the sign.  This includes a display that incorporates a technology or method allowing the sign face to change the image without having to physically or mechanically replace the sign face or its components.  This also includes any rotating, revolving, moving, blinking, or animated display and any display that incorporates rotating panels, LED lights manipulated through digital input, “digital ink” or any other method or technology that allows the sign face to present a series of images or displays.

17-17-0249 Efficiency. A dwelling unit, other than a single-room occupancy unit , that contains no more than 700 square feet of floor area, consisting of one room exclusive of bathroom, kitchen, hallway, closets or dining alcove directly off the principal room, provided that such dining alcove does not exceed 125 square feet in area.

17-17-0250 Elderly Housing. Dwelling units specially designed and marketed for persons who are 62 years of age or older, but not including buildings containing equipment for surgical care or for the treatment of disease or injury, other than emergency first-aid-care.

17-17-0251 Electric Sign. Any sign containing electrical wiring, lighting or other electrical components, but not including signs illuminated by a detached exterior light source.

17-17-0252 End Wall. An exterior wall that is generally perpendicular to front walls and rear walls .

17-17-0253 Façade. The exterior plane or “face” of a building.

17-17-0254 FAR. An abbreviation for “ floor area ratio ”. See “ floor area ratio ” definition.

17-17-0254.5  Firearms Dealer.  A firearms dealer means a person issued a weapons dealer-firearms dealer license pursuant to Article VII of chapter 4-144.

17-17-0255 Flag. A sign made of fabric or other similar non-rigid material supported or anchored along only one edge or supported or anchored at only two corners. If any dimension of a flag is more than 3 times as long as any other dimension, it is classified and regulated as a banner regardless of how it is anchored or supported. See also “ banner ”.

17-17-0256 Flashing Sign. Any sign or portion of a sign that contains an intermittent or flashing light source or that changes light intensity in sudden transitory bursts. Example of flashing signs include signs that contain or use strobe lights, or rotating lights; signs with blinking or flashing features that are designed to merely to attract attention rather than convey a message; and changing-image signs that do not comply with applicable standards.

17-17-0257 Floor Area Ratio (FAR). The ratio of the floor area of all principal buildings to the total area of the lot upon which such buildings are located. (See Sec. 17-17-0305 for rules governing measurement of floor area ratio )

17-17-0258 Freight Container. A non-wheeled, enclosed storage container designed to be integrated into the frame of a train car or truck bed.

17-17-0259 Freestanding Sign. A sign on a frame, pole, or other support structure that is not attached to any building.

17-17-0260 Front Property Line. That property line that abuts or is along an existing or dedicated public street , or when no public street exists, is along a public way . On lots with multiple street frontages , the property owner may select either street property line as the front property line .

17-17-0261 Front Setback. The setback required between a building and the front property line of the lot on which the building is located, extending along the full length of the front property line between the side property lines .

Figure 17-17-0261

17-17-0262 Front Wall. In buildings that contain more than one dwelling unit on a single floor, front walls and rear walls are those walls that are generally perpendicular to the party walls between dwelling units . In buildings that do not contain more than one dwelling unit on a single floor, the front wall is the wall that is generally parallel and closest to the front property line and the rear wall is the exterior building wall opposite the front wall .

17-17-0263 Front Yard. The actual area that exists between a building and the front property line of the lot on which the building is located, extending along the full length of the front property line between the side property lines . See also “Setback, Front”.

Figure 17-17-0263

17-17-0264 Government-Subsidized (Dwelling Unit). A dwelling unit that is financed in whole or in part with federal, state or local (Chicago Department of Planning and Development) financial assistance.

17-17-0265 Grade. The curb level adjacent to the front property line or the mean elevation of the finished lot , as measured along exterior building walls of the principal building , whichever is higher.

17-17-0266 Gross Lot Area. The entire land area within the boundaries of a site.

17-17-0267 Height, Building. See “ building height ”.

17-17-0267.1  Heliport.  A landing facility for one or more helicopters that may include fueling stations, helicopter storage or other service-related functions, such as, but not limited to, service or maintenance hangers.  Heliports may only be located at ground level.

17-17-0267.2  Helistops.   A landing pad for helicopters that does not typically include fueling stations, helicopter storage or other service or maintenance facilities for routine use.  Helistops may be located at ground level or be elevated on a building rooftop or other structure.

17-17-0267.3  Vertiport.   A landing facility for one or more tiltrotors or helicopters that may include fueling stations, helicopter or tiltrotor storage or other service-related functions, such as, but not limited to, service or maintenance hangers.  Vertiports may only be located at ground level

17-17-0268 High-Rise Building Sign. An individual letter sign mounted at a height of 150 feet or more that is attached to the exterior wall of a building or to a roof-top mechanical equipment penthouse or other roof-top feature that is integral to the building upon which it is located.

17-17-0269 Home Occupation. An accessory use of a dwelling unit for business or commercial purposes. Home occupations are subject to the standards of Sec. 17-9-0202.

17-17-0269.5  Hookah bar.   An establishment where patrons share flavored tobacco from a communal hookah or similar type water pipe, smoking device while seated at a table or bar.

17-17-0270 Household. One or more persons related by blood, marriage, legal adoption or guardianship, plus not more than 3 additional persons, all of whom live together as a single housekeeping unit; or one or more handicapped persons, as defined in the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988, plus not more than 3 additional persons, all of whom live together as a single housekeeping unit.

17-17-0270.5  Hydroponic system.   Propagation of plants using a mechanical system designed to circulate a solution of minerals in water with limited use of growing media.

17-17-0270.6  Aquaponic system.   The symbiotic propagation of plants and fish in an indoor, constructed and recirculating environment.

17-17-0270.7 Apiary.   Keeping or propagation of honeybee colonies for collection of honey or other bee products.  Up to five (5) colonies may be kept as an accessory use to the primary activity on the site.

17-17-0271 Incidental Sign. A sign that contains no commercial message and that is exclusively used to convey directions or other information for the convenience of the public. Included are signs designating restrooms, address numbers, hours of operation, entrances to buildings, help wanted, public telephone, etc. Also included are signs on private property designed to guide or direct pedestrians or vehicular traffic, such as “entrance” and “exit” signs .

17-17-0272 Indirect Lighting. Illumination from a light source that is not contained within a sign or awning .

17-17-0273 Individual Letter Sign. A wall sign or high-rise building sign consisting of raised individual letters, script or symbols. The background of an individual letter sign is either the exterior building wall surface or another opaque, non-illuminated surface.

17-17-0274 Industrial Corridor. Any area that has been designated as a priority area for industrial development and/or retention in a plan approved by the Plan Commission or City Council.

17-17-0275 Industrial Establishment. A business classified in the industrial use group, the ownership, management and physical location of which are separate and distinct from those of any other place of business located on the same zoning lot , as partly evidenced by maintaining separate and distinct doors and access points.

17-17-0276 Industrial Park. A planned, unified, campus-like development consisting primarily of manufacturing, industrial and warehousing uses.

17-17-0277 Interior Side Property Line. A side property line that does not abut a street or alley .

17-17-0278 Internal Lighting. Illumination from a light source that is contained within a sign or awning .

17-17-0278.5 Kennel. The term “kennel” shall mean an animal care facility as that term is defined in Section 4-384-010.

17-17-0278.7  Landscape waste.   Grass or shrubbery cuttings, leaves, tree limbs and other materials accumulated as a result of the care of lawns, shrubbery, vines and trees, and includes any discarded fruits, vegetables and other vegetative material or crop residue generated in the care of a garden.  The term “landscape waste” does not include soil other than incidental soil (e.g., soil attached to sod or attached to other materials accumulated as a result of the care of lawns, shrubbery, vines, trees or a garden).

17-17-0279 Landscaped. Substantially covered with grass, ground cover, shrubs, trees or other living plant material.

17-17-0280 Legible. Capable of being read or deciphered by a 5-foot to 6-foot tall person whose eyesight meets the minimum requirements necessary for receipt of an Illinois driver’s license (wearing any corrective lenses required by such license).

17-17-0281 Lighting, Direct. Exposed lighting or neon tubes on a sign face. Direct lighting of signs also includes signs whose message or image is created by light projected onto a surface.

17-17-0282 Lighting, Indirect. A light source that is separate from the sign face and that is directed to shine onto the sign .

17-17-0283 Lighting, Internal. A light source that is concealed within a sign .

17-17-0284 Lot. A “ zoning lot ” unless the context clearly indicates a “ lot of record . The term “ lot ” will be construed to include the terms “site”, “parcel” and any other similar undefined term.

17-17-0285 Lot Area. The total horizontal land area contained within the property lines of a lot .

17-17-0286 Lot Coverage. The area of a lot covered by principal buildings , as measured along the exterior building wall at ground level, and including all building projections other than those expressly allowed encroaching into required setback areas.

17-17-0287 Lot Depth. The mean horizontal distance between the front property line and the rear property line of a lot measured within the lot ‘s boundaries.

17-17-0288 Lot Frontage. The horizontal distance between side property lines on a lot , as measured along the front property line .

17-17-0289 Lot of Record. An area of land designated as a lot on a plat of subdivision recorded or registered, pursuant to statute, with the Recorder of Deeds of Cook County and the Ex-officio Examiner of Subdivisions of the City of Chicago.

17-17-0290 Lot Width. The mean horizontal distance between the side property lines of a lot measured within the lot’s boundaries.

17-17-0291 Lot, Corner. See “ corner lot ”.

17-17-0292 Lot, Reversed Corner. See “ reversed corner lot ”.

17-17-0293 Lot, Through. See “ through lot ”.

17-17-0294 Lot, Zoning. See “ zoning lot ”.

17-17-0294.5  Marina.   A facility located on a body of water that provides for the storage (wet and dry), launching, and mooring of pleasure boats together with one or more accessory retail and service uses, such as marine equipment sales, showers, private clubs and restaurants.

17-17-0295 Marquee. A roof-like structure of a permanent nature that projects from the wall of a building and overhangs the public way .

17-17-0296 Marquee Sign. A sign incorporated into or attached to a marquee or permanent canopy .

17-17-0296.5  Medical Cannabis Cultivation Center.  A facility operated by a person who is registered by the Illinois Department of Agriculture to perform necessary activities to provide only registered medical cannabis organizations with usable medical cannabis.

17-17-0296.7  Medical Cannabis Dispensing Organization.  A facility operated by a person who is registered by the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation to acquire medical cannabis from a medical cannabis cultivation center for the purpose of dispensing cannabis, paraphernalia, or related supplies and educational material to registered qualifying patients.  For purposes of this definition, “Qualifying patient” has the meaning ascribed to that term in the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act, 410 ILCS 130/10.

17-17-0297 Mobility Street. Any street officially designated as a mobility street in accordance with Sec. 17-4-0600.

17-17-0298 Motor Vehicle. Any passenger vehicle, truck, truck-trailer, trailer or semi-trailer propelled or drawn by mechanical power.

17-17-0299 Multi-Unit Residential. A residential building that contains 3 or more dwelling units that share common walls or common floors/ceilings with one or more dwelling units . The land upon which the building sits is not divided into separate lots .

17-17-02100 Net Site Area. The entire land area within the boundaries of a site, less the area of all land required or proposed for public use.

17-17-02101 Non-Accessory Parking. Parking spaces provided in excess of the maximum accessory parking limits established in Sec. 17-10-0208, and parking spaces (and the drive aisles and circulation area associated with such parking spaces) that are provided to serve the general public rather than being reserved exclusively by occupants of and visitors to a particular use (e.g., public parking garages).

17-17-02102 Nonconforming Building. A building that was lawfully established in accordance with zoning regulations in effect at the time of its establishment but that no longer complies with the bulk standards of the zoning district in which it is now located.

17-17-02103 Nonconforming Development. Any aspect of a development – other than a nonconforming lot , nonconforming use or nonconforming sign – that was lawfully established, in accordance with zoning regulations in effect at the time of its establishment but that no longer complies with one or more standards of this Zoning Ordinance. Common examples of nonconforming developments are buildings that do not comply with current setback or height standards, off- street parking or loading areas that contain fewer spaces than required by current standards or sites that do not comply with current landscaping standards.

17-17-02104 Nonconforming Lot. A tract of land lawfully established as a lot on a plat of subdivision recorded or registered, pursuant to statute, with the Recorder of Deeds of Cook County and the Ex-officio Examiner of Subdivisions of the City of Chicago that does not comply with the minimum lot area or lot width standards of the zoning district in which it is now located.

17-17-02105 Nonconforming Sign. A sign that was lawfully established, in accordance with zoning and other sign regulations in effect at the time of its establishment but that is no longer allowed by the regulations of this Zoning Ordinance.

17-17-02106 Nonconforming Use. A use that was lawfully established in accordance with zoning regulations in effect at the time of its establishment but that is no longer allowed by the use regulations of the zoning district in which it is now located.

17-17-02107 Nonconformity. Any nonconforming building , nonconforming development , nonconforming lot , nonconforming sign or nonconforming use .

17-17-02108 Off-premise sign. A sign that directs attention to a business, commodity, service, or entertainment conducted, sold, or offered elsewhere than upon the lot upon which it is located or to which it is affixed.

17-17-02109 On-premise Sign. A sign that directs attention to a business or profession conducted or to a commodity, service, or entertainment sold or offered upon the premises where the sign is located.

17-17-02110 Open Space, Public. See “ public open space ”.

17-17-02110.5 Ornamental Fencing. A decorative metal fence, including wrought-iron or fencing that gives the appearance of wrought-iron fencing, but expressly excluding chain-link, barbed wire and similar non-decorative fences.

17-17-02111 Overlay District. A zoning district that overlays one or more base zoning districts and imposes requirements in addition to those of the base district or modifies the standards otherwise applicable in the base district .

17-17-02112 Owner. See “ property owner ”.

17-17-02113 Painted Wall Sign. A sign applied to a building wall with paint or a thin layer of vinyl, paper or similar material adhered directly to the building surface and that has no sign structure .

17-17-02114 Parapet. A low wall or railing to protect the edge of a roof.

17-17-02115 Parkway, Public. See “ public parkway ”.

17-17-02116 Parkway Tree. Trees planted or required to be planted within the public parkway .

17-17-02117 Pedestrian Street. Any street officially designated as a pedestrian street in accordance with Sec. 17-3-0500 or Sec. 17-4-0500.

17-17-02118 Permanent Sign. Any sign not classified as a temporary sign .

17-17-02119 Permitted Use. A use permitted by- right in the subject zoning district in accordance with the applicable use regulations of this Zoning Ordinance.

17-17-02120 Planned Development. A development that meets mandatory planned development thresholds of Sec. 17-8-0500 or the elective planned development thresholds of Sec. 17-8-0600.

17-17-02121 Planned Manufacturing District (PMD). A district of 5 acres or more that is contiguous or would be contiguous except for separation by a public way or a railroad right-of-way and that is designated as a PMD in accordance with the procedures of Sec. 17-13-0700.

17-17-02122 Portable Sign. Any sign not permanently attached to the ground or other permanent structure or a sign designed to be transported, including, but not limited to, signs designed to be transported by means of wheels and signs made as A-frames or T- frames.

17-17-02123 Pre-construction Grade. The unfinished mean grade of a lot before commencement of any building or construction activity.

17-17-02124 Primary Boulevard. The following streets and segments of streets :

Street From To
31st Boulevard Western California
67th Street Yates Stony Island
California Boulevard 24th Boulevard 31st Boulevard
Central Park Boulevard Garfield Park Franklin Boulevard
Diversey Parkway Logan Lake Shore Drive
Douglas Boulevard Independence Douglas Park
Drexel Boulevard Oakwood Drexel Square (51st)
Franklin Boulevard Central Park Sacramento Square
Garfield Boulevard Western Boulevard Martin Luther King Drive
Hamlin Boulevard Eisenhower Expressway Lake Street
Humboldt Boulevard North Avenue Palmer Square
Independence Boulevard Douglas Boulevard Garfield Park
Kedzie Boulevard Palmer Logan
Logan Boulevard Kedzie Boulevard Diversey Parkway
Marshall Boulevard 24th Boulevard California Boulevard
Martin Luther King Drive 25th Street 60th Street
Midway Plaisance

59th Street

60th Street

Washington Park Jackson Park
Oakwood Boulevard Drexel Martin Luther King Drive
Sacramento Boulevard Sacramento Square Augusta
Stony Island 56th Street 67th Street
Western Boulevard 55th Street 31st Street
Yates Boulevard 67th Street 71st Street

17-17-02125 Principal Building. A building or combination of buildings of chief importance or function on a lot . In general, the principal use is carried out in a principal building . The difference between a principal building and an accessory building or structure is determined by comparing the size, placement, similarity of design, use of common building materials, and the orientation of the structures on the lot .

17-17-02126 Principal Use. An activity or combination of activities of chief importance on the lot . One of the main purposes for which the land, buildings or structures are intended, designed, or ordinarily used.

17-17-02127 Processing. A series of operations performed in the making or treatment of a product or to perform operations on data.

17-17-02128 Product Display Window. An illuminated window display area in which products and goods are displayed to pedestrians but that do not generally allow visibility into the interior of the building .

17-17-02129 Projecting Sign. A sign attached to and projecting out from a building face or wall, generally at right angles to the building. Projecting signs include signs that are totally in the right-of-way, partially in the right-of-way, or fully on private property.

17-17-02130 Property Line. The boundary of a lot , as shown on a plat of subdivision recorded or registered pursuant to statute or as designated by the lot ‘s owner or developer as the boundary of a parcel of land to be used, developed, or built upon as a unit, under single ownership or control.

17-17-02130.1 Property Line, Abutting. See “ abutting property line ”.

17-17-02131 Property Line, Front. See “ front property line ”.

17-17-02132 Property Line, Rear. See “ rear property line ”.

17-17-02133 Property Line, Side. See “ side property line ”.

17-17-02134 Property Owner. The legal or beneficial owner of an improved or unimproved parcel of real estate.

17-17-02135 Public Open Space. Any publicly- owned open area, including, but not limited to parks, playgrounds, beaches, waterways, parkways and streets .

17-17-02136 Public Parkway. That portion of the public way between a street and the nearest parallel property line , including sidewalk areas.

17-17-02137 Public Way. Any sidewalk, street , alley , highway, or other public thoroughfare.

17-17-02138 Railroad Right-of-Way. A strip of land with tracks and auxiliary facilities for track operation, but not including freight depots or stations, loading platforms, train sheds, warehouses, car or locomotive shops, or car yards.

17-17-02139 Rear Property Line. That property line that is most distant from and is most parallel to the front property line .

17-17-02140 Rear Setback. The setback required between a building and the rear property line of the lot on which the building is located, extending along the full length of the rear property line between the side property lines .

Figure 17-17-02140

17-17-02141 Rear Wall. In buildings that contain more than one dwelling unit on a single floor, front walls and rear walls are those walls that are generally perpendicular to the party walls between dwelling units . In buildings that do not contain more than one dwelling unit on a single floor, the front wall is the wall that is generally parallel and closest to the front property line and the rear wall is the exterior building wall opposite the front wall .

17-17-02142 Rear Yard. The actual area that exists between a building and the rear property line of the lot on which the building is located, extending along the full length of the rear property line between the side property lines . See also “Setback, Rear”.

Figure 17-17-02142

17-17-02143 Recyclable Material. Recyclable material shall be categorized as Type A, Type B, Type C or Type D recyclable material and shall have the meaning ascribed to each such type, as follows:

1. Type A recyclable material.  Any aluminum or ferrous or non-ferrous scrap metal; bi-metal or tin cans; glass products; paper products; rubber; textiles; plastic products, such as polyethelene terephthalate. high density polyethylene, low density polyethylene, polystyrene or polypropolene; and any other material designated as Type A recyclable material by the commissioner of health in duly promulgated rules and regulations.

2. Type B recyclable materialOrganic waste and any other material designated as Type B recyclable material by the commissioner of health in duly promulgated rules and regulations.

3. Type C recyclable material.  Used motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts, and any other material designated as Type C recyclable material by the commissioner of health in duly promulgated rules and regulations.

4. Type D recyclable material.  Construction and demolition debris that does not contain lead, asbestos or any other hazardous material in such a way as to render recycling of such material illegal or impossible and that has been rendered reusable and is reused, or that would otherwise be disposed of or discarded but is collected or separated and returned to the economic mainstream in the form of raw materials or product; and any other material designated as Type D recyclable material by the commissioner of health in duly promulgated rules and regulations.

17-17-02144 Recycling. The collection, temporary storage, and minimal processing of recyclable materials for the purpose of marketing that material for use as a raw material in a manufacturing process or reuse as consumer products. For the purpose of interpreting this definition only, the term “processing” means manual, mechanical or automated separation of recyclable materials from other materials; separation of recyclable materials from each other; cleaning, bundling, compacting, cutting or packing of recyclable material(s) .  “Processing” in this context does not include melting, rendering, smelting, vulcanizing or purification by application of heat or chemical process.

17-17-02145 Reprocessable Construction/ Demolition Material. Broken concrete, bricks, rock, stone or paving asphalt generated from construction or demolition activities.

17-17-02146 Residential Building. A building that is arranged, designed, used or intended to be used:

17-17-02146-A exclusively for residential occupancy by one or more families; or

17-17-02146-B for a mixture of nonresidential and residential occupancy and in which the floor area devoted to residential dwelling units makes up 50% or more of the building’s total gross floor area.

17-17-02147 Residential District. Any R or DR zoning district or residential planned development .

17-17-02148 Reversed Corner Lot. A corner lot , the street side property line of which is substantially a continuation of the front property line of the first lot to its rear.

Figure 17-17-02148

17-17-02149 Roof Line. The top edge of a roof or parapet , whichever is higher.

17-17-02150 Roof Sign. A sign or any portion of a sign that is erected upon or projects more than 24 inches above the roofline of any building whether the principal support for the sign is on the roof, wall or any other structural element of the building.

17-17-02150.1  Rooftop gravity tank.  Any wooden or metal container, which was originally designed or converted (i) to hold water to supply a sprinkler system at gravity pressure, or to support a building’s manufacturing system at gravity pressure, or to support a building’s domestic water system at gravity pressure, regardless of whether the container is holding water; and (ii) is elevated on a rooftop or is free-standing.

17-17-02150.5  Rooftop gravity tank supporting structure.  Any structure used to support a rooftop gravity tank regardless of whether a tank is affixed to such supporting structure.  The term “supporting structure” shall be construed broadly to include anchors, guides, tracks, mounting brackets, mounting hardware of any type and all other forms of tank support.

17-17-02151 Satellite Dish Antenna. A device designed or used for the reception or the transmission of television or other electric communication signal broadcast or, relayed from a satellite. It may be a solid, open mesh, or bar configured structure, in the shape of a shallow dish or parabola.

17-17-02152 Setback. An open, unobstructed area that is required by this Zoning Ordinance to be provided from the furthermost projection of a structure to the property line of the lot on which the building is located.

17-17-02153 Setback, Front. See “ front setback ”.

17-17-02154 Setback, Rear. See “ rear setback ”.

17-17-02155 Setback, Side. See “ side setback ”.

17-17-02155.1  Shared kitchen.   Any (1) food establishment used as a place of business for the exclusive or primary purpose of utilizing, leasing or renting its kitchen space to individuals or entities for food preparation, temporary extra production capacity, menu planning, training, taste testing, product development, food packaging, food storage or any other food-related purpose; or (2) retail or wholesale food establishment that leases, rents or otherwise makes kitchen space available at such establishment for utilization by individuals or entities for food preparation, temporary extra production capacity, menu planning, training, taste testing, product development, food packaging, food storage or any other food-related purpose that is secondary or incidental to the establishment’s primary business activity of retail or wholesale food establishment.

17-17-02155.5  Shooting range facility. “Shooting range facility” means a public or private shooting range and the premises on which the shooting range is located and includes all the buildings, structures, parking areas, and other associated improvements located on the premises.  A “shooting range facility” includes any shooting range facility operated or managed by members of a private club or organization for the benefit of its members.  A “shooting range facilityshall not include any shooting range facility operated by any federal, state or local law enforcement agency or by the armed forces of the United States, including the Reserves.

17-17-02156 Side Property Line. Any property line that is not a front property line or a rear property line .

17-17-02157 Side Setback. The setback required between a building and the side property line of the lot on which the building is located, extending along a side property line from the point of the minimum front setback to the point of the minimum rear setback .

Figure 17-17-02157

17-17-02158 Side Yard. The actual area that exists between a building and the side property line of the lot on which the building is located, extending along a side property line from the point of the minimum front setback to the point of the minimum rear setback . See also “Setback, Side”.

Figure 17-17-02158

17-17-02159 Sign. Materials placed or constructed, or light projected, that: (1) conveys a message or image and (2) is used to inform or attract the attention of the public. Some examples of “signs” are materials or lights meeting the definition of the preceding sentence and that are commonly referred to as signs , placards, A- boards, posters, billboards, murals, diagrams, banners , flags , or projected slides, images or holograms. When not qualified with the terms “on-premise” or “off- premise”, the term “sign” refers to all signs , whether on- or off-premise in nature.

17-17-02160 Sign Maintenance. Normal care needed to keep a sign functional, such as cleaning, painting, oiling, and changing of light bulbs.

17-17-02161 Sign Repair. Fixing or replacement of broken or worn parts. Replacement includes comparable materials only. Repairs may be made with the sign in position or with the sign removed.

17-17-02162 Sign Structure. A structure specifically intended for supporting or containing a sign .

17-17-02163 Single-Room Occupancy. A residential building containing 5 or more single-room occupancy units in which at least 90% of the units are single room occupancy units occupied by the same tenants for a continuous period of at least 32 days.

17-17-02164 Single-Room Occupancy Unit. A dwelling unit within a single-room occupancy (building) that is used or intended to be used as sleeping quarters or living quarters with or without cooking facilities, and that contains not more than one room consisting of not more than 250 square feet of floor area, excluding from the calculation of floor area any kitchen having less than 70 square feet of floor area; provided, however, the size and room limits of this section do not apply to Government-Subsidized SRO buildings to the extent necessary to qualify for the applicable government subsidy, as determined by the Commissioner of Planning and Development.

17-17-02165 Special Character Overlay District. A zoning district that has been established in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 17-7-0600 and that imposes special, supplemental and zoning regulations for the use and development of land within such district.

17-17-02166 Special Events Signs. A temporary sign announcing an event at stadium, auditorium or public or civic facility.

17-17-02167 Special Use. A use allowed in the subject zoning district only if reviewed and approved in accordance with the special use procedures of Sec. 17-13-0900.

17-17-02168 SRO. See “single-room occupancy”.

17-17-02169 Story. That portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above, or if there is no floor above, the space between the floor and the ceiling next above. A basement or below- grade floor will be counted as a story when more than one-half of the floor-to- ceiling height is above grade .

17-17-02170 Street. A public right-of-way that affords a primary means of access to abutting property.

17-17-02171 Street Frontage. Any portion of a lot that abuts a street . (See also “lot frontage”)

17-17-02172 Strip Center. A building used for 2 or more commercial establishments (including stores, shops, businesses services and offices ), that is typically one story in height and typically separated from the street frontage by parking, and that contains less than 65,000 square feet of floor area. This definition does not include single-use buildings when such buildings include accessory business such as coffee shops, dry cleaners, banks or automated teller machines and when such accessory uses are not separated from the principal use by demising walls.

17-17-02173 Structural Alteration (to a sign). Modification of a sign , sign structure or awning that affects size, shape, height, or sign location; changes in structural materials; or replacement of electrical components with other than comparable materials. The replacement of wood parts with metal parts, the replacement of incandescent bulbs with light emitting diodes (LED), or the addition of electronic elements to a non-electric sign are all examples of structural alterations . Structural alteration does not include ordinary maintenance or repair, repainting an existing sign surface, including changes of message or image, exchanging painted and pasted or glued materials on painted wall signs , or exchanging display panels of a sign through release and closing of clips or other brackets.

17-17-02174 Substandard Lot Depth. Lot depth of less than 125 feet.

17-17-02175 Temporary Overnight Shelter. A building, or portion thereof, in which sleeping accommodations are provided for no more than twelve hours per day, for three or more persons who are not related to the property owner , operator, manager or other occupants thereof by blood or by marriage, as described in Chapter 13-208 of this Code.

17-17-02176 Temporary Sign. A sign that is designed to be used only temporarily and not permanently mounted to a structure or permanently installed in the ground. These include “for sale”, leasing and grand opening signs .

17-17-02176.5  Temporary Storage Container. A temporary storage container means any portable container, storage unit, shed-like container or other portable receptacle designed and used primarily for the temporary outside storage of building materials, household goods, personal items and other materials; provided that a “temporary storage container” does not include a refuse container or dumpster.

17-17-02177 Through Lot. A lot having a pair of opposite property lines along two more or less parallel public streets , and that is not a corner lot .

17-17-02178 Top of the Bank. The slope adjacent to the water’s edge and that point at the top of the slope at which the contour of the slope ceases to be 10% or greater.

17-17-02179 Townhouse. A dwelling unit that shares a common wall with another dwelling unit or that has an exterior wall that abuts the exterior wall of another dwelling unit and that shares a common roof. Such common or exterior walls extend from the ground to the roof or from the roof of the garage to the roof of the dwelling unit .

17-17-02180 Townhouse Development. Two more townhouse units.

17-17-02181 Transitional Residence. A temporary residential living arrangement for persons who are receiving therapy or counseling for purposes such as, but not limited to, the following: (a) to help persons recuperate from the effects of drugs or alcohol addiction; (b) to help persons re-enter society while housed under supervision while under the constraints of alternatives to imprisonment including, but not limited to, pre-release, work-release and probationary programs; (c) to help persons with family or school adjustment problems that require specialized attention and care in order to achieve personal independence; or (d) to provide temporary shelter for persons who are victims of domestic abuse.

17-17-02182 Transitional Shelter. A building, or portion thereof, in which temporary residential accommodations are provided for three or more persons who are not related to the property owner , operator, manager or other occupants thereof by blood or by marriage, as described in Chapter 13-212 of the Municipal Code.

17-17-02183 Transitional Shelter Room. A room used as sleeping and living quarters, but without cooking facilities or without individual bathrooms, as part of a transitional shelter . In a suite of rooms without cooking facilities, each room that provides sleeping accommodations will be counted as one transitional shelter unit.

17-17-02184 Two-flat. A residential building that contains 2 dwelling units located on a single lot . The dwelling units must share a common wall or common floor/ceiling.

17-17-02185 Use. The purpose or activity for which the land, or building thereon, is designed, arranged or intended, or for which it is occupied or maintained. Unless the otherwise expressly indicated, the term “use” means principal use .

17-17-02186 Use of Open Land. Storage yards, construction debris sites, used vehicle sales lots , vehicle impound yards, auto wrecking, junkyards, and similar open-air uses when the only buildings on the lot are incidental and accessory to the open-air use of the lot .

17-17-02187 Use, Principal. See “ principal use ”.

17-17-02188 Variation. Modification of an otherwise applicable standard, approved in accordance with Sec. 17-13-1100.

17-17-02189 Vehicular Use Area. Any area of the lot not located within any enclosed or partially enclosed structure and that is devoted to a use by or for motor vehicles including parking (accessory or non- accessory); storage of automobiles, trucks or other vehicles; gasoline stations; car washes; motor vehicle repair shops ; loading areas; service areas and drives; and access drives and driveways.

17-17-02190 Video Display Sign.  A video display sign is a type of dynamic image display sign that has text, images or graphics on the face of the sign that: (1) depict motion; (2) change more than once every 10 seconds; or (3) have a twirl time that exceeds 0.25 seconds.  For purposes of this section, “motion” and “twirl time” have the meanings ascribed to those terms in section 13-20-510.

17-17-02191 Wall Sign. A single-faced sign attached flush to a building or other structure or a sign consisting of light projected onto a building or other structure. Wall signs do not include signs that are attached to sign structures .

17-17-02192 Yard. The actual (as opposed to “required”) open space on a zoning lot that is unoccupied and unobstructed from its lowest level to the sky. See also “Setback”.

17-17-02193 Yard, Front. See “ front yard ”.

17-17-02194 Yard, Rear. See “ rear yard ”.

17-17-02195 Yard, Side. See “ side yard ”.

17-17-02196 Zoning Inspector. A municipal employee supervised to issue citations for code violations and conduct inspections of public or private real property in Chicago to determine if code violations exist.

17-17-02197 Zoning Lot. A single tract of land located within a single block , that (at the time of filing for a building permit) is designated by its owner or developer as a tract to be used, developed, or built upon as a unit, under single ownership or control.

(Added Coun. J. 5-26-04, p. 25275; Amend Coun. J. 3-9-05, p. 44391; Amend Coun. J. 6-29-05, p. 52355, § 2; Amend Coun. J. 6-28-06, p. 79813, § 3; Amend Coun. J. 7-26-06, p. 81829, § 4; Amend Coun. J. 9-13-06, p. 84870, § 2; Amend Coun. J. 2-7-07, p. 98109, § 2; Amend Coun. J. 4-11-07, p. 103484, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 12-12-07, p. 17742, § 2; Amend Coun. J. 11-19-08, p. 47220, Art. VIII, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 6-9-10, p. 93530, §§ 7, 8; Amend Coun. J. 7-28-10, p. 97810, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 11-17-10, p. 106597, Art. IX, § 11; Amend Coun. J. 2-9-11, p. 112149, §§ 28 – 31; Amend Coun. J. 5-4-11, p. 117699, § 11; Amend Coun. J. 7-6-11, p. 3073, § 12; Amend Coun. J. 9-8-11, p. 7541, § 10; Amend Coun. J. 11-16-11, p. 13798, Art. II, § 6; Amend Coun. J. 1-18-12, p. 19185, §§ 4 – 6; Amend Coun. J. 6-27-12, p. 30744, § 3; Amend Coun. J. 11-8-12, p. 38872, §§ 284 – 287; Amend Coun. J. 12-12-12, p. 44485, § 6; Amend Coun. J. 11-26-13, p. 67481, Art. I, § 30; Amend Coun. J. 4-30-14, p. 80382, § 6; Amend Coun. J. 6-25-14, p. 84153, § 2; Amend Coun. J. 6-25-14, p. 83727, § 16; Amend Coun. J. 7-30-14, p. 86194, § 8; Amend Coun. J. 7-30-14, p. 86203, §§ 19, 20; Amend Coun. J. 11-12-14, p. 97375, § 4)

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